Jigsaw method is now popular as one of cooperative learning method which suitable to use in school and university. Jigsaw is an interesting cooperative learning technique which includes five or six persons in order to solve a problem together. This technique looks like a jigsaw puzzle, all of the parts are important. Each student has an essential role, and that is precisely what makes this strategy so effective.
Purpose of the Strategy
The main purpose of jigsaw strategy is to emphasize cooperative learning through providing the learners with an opportunity to assist each other in building comprehension actively (). This is realized since each group is formed in such a way that it is composed of students with varying skills level and expertise.
How The Strategy Can Positively Change Student Behavior
This strategy can positively change the behavior of a student in that it is a well-established method purposely for encouraging not only group sharing but also learning of specific content. In this regard, the strategy helps institutes the virtue of cooperation amongst the students through the responsibility of sharing by use of social skills and critical thinking to complete an assignment. The strategy also helps the learners to improve problem-solving, communication, and listening skills.
Steps of the Jigsaw Strategy
The jigsaw method has straightforward steps. The first step of the jigsaw is dividing. The teacher has to divide students into small groups which have five or six persons (). In dividing, diversity is recommended to build a positive relationship in the classroom. Unifying students from different cultures will make them know one another, and they can build their teamwork although they are in the different situation. The second step is dividing the lesson into some parts (). For instance, the teacher divides a particular topic into sections and then assigns each part and different materials to each group. The dividing of the lesson will economize the time because the students don’t have to read all of the material divided. Next step is forming an expert group by having one student from each group (). These students will discuss the main point of their part. The teacher also gives time to expert group to practice the presentation that they will show to their jigsaw group members. This step will help the students to increase the understanding of the material.
Step 5 entails giving all the students a framework through which they will manage their time on the different parts of jigsaw task. This is followed by the provision of key questions to the students which will guide the ‘expert groups’ in gathering information concerning their particular area assigned to them. The step is the succeeded by the provision of resources and materials that are necessary for all the students to gain knowledge about their topics and subsequently become ‘experts.’ Step 8 involves discussing with the students the rules and regulations of reconvening into the ‘home groups’ in addition to availing the guidelines given that each expert is required to report the information learned. The second last step is the preparation of a graphic organizer or a summary chart for each ‘home group.’ The primary intention of this step is to act as a guide for organizing the information report prepared by the experts. The last step is to remind the students that each of the group members is responsible for learning all the content from one another and other groups.
Connection to a Theory of Model
Age/grade of the students
Purpose of the Strategy
Connection to a Theory or Model
How the Strategy Can Positively Support Effective Instruction and Change Student Behavior
Each Step of the Strategy